Dab rigs are specialized water pipes designed for consuming concentrated cannabis extracts, such as wax, shatter, and oil. These rigs are crafted from borosilicate glass, known for its heat resistance and durability. Dab rigs typically consist of a water chamber, a nail or banger (used for heating and vaporizing the concentrate), a downstem, and a mouthpiece.
To use a glass dab rig, users heat the nail or banger with a torch until it reaches the desired temperature, typically between 350 to 600 degrees Fahrenheit (175 to 315 degrees Celsius). Once heated, a small amount of concentrate is placed on the hot surface, causing it to vaporize and pass through the water chamber for cooling and filtration. The user then inhales the flavorful and potent vapor through the mouthpiece.